Cancer is a disease characterized by the growth of abnormal cells that harm the body in various ways. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast, skin, ovarian, lung, pancreatic, colon, prostate and lymphoma. Each cancer has a different set of symptoms.
According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the second most common cause of death in the U.S, and as per United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2011 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report, more than 575,000 people die of cancer, and over 1.5 million new cases are diagnosed each year in the U.S.
Their many factors that increase your chances of developing Cancer such as The most common risk factors for cancer include ageing, tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.
Both grapes and grape seed extracts are rich in antioxidant resveratrol that offers anti-cancer benefits. It blocks the action of a protein that causes cancer growth. The anti-inflammatory properties of grapes prevent chronic oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, two main causes of cancer.
According to a 2005 study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the polyphenols from muscadine grapes exhibit anti-cancer properties. A 2009 study published in the Journal of Nutrition concluded that both grapes and grape-based products are excellent sources of various anti-cancer agents.
Another superfood that reduces the risk of cancer is walnuts. These healthy nuts contain a good amount of polyphenols and phytochemicals that have antioxidant properties. They also are rich in anti-cancer compounds, such as ellagitannins, gamma-tocopherol, and alpha-linolenic acid.
A 2012 American Institute for Cancer Research study shows that walnuts help prevent breast cancer in animals. They can also reduce the risk of prostate and skin cancer.
Another superfood that has anti-cancer benefits is pomegranate, which contains a good amount of antioxidants. This juicy fruit also has a mixture of phenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and tannins that help modulate cellular biochemistry.
Its polyphenols, in particular, help keep a check on various biological events involved in cancer pathogenesis and progression. Pomegranate is effective in reducing the risk of breast, colon, liver, skin and prostate cancers.
Spinach is a rich source of lutein, an antioxidant that plays a key role in guarding against cancer. Also, the zeaxanthin and carotenoids in spinach protect your body from free-radical damage. The beta-carotene, vitamin A, folate, and fibre in spinach also play a major role in preventing cancer.
Regular intake of this dark green leafy vegetable can protect against mouth, ovarian, lung, endometrial, colorectal, esophageal and stomach cancers.
Garlic contains components like sulphur and arginine, oligosaccharides, flavonoids, and selenium, all of which may be beneficial to reduce the risk of various cancers. Regular garlic intake can slow down the progression of cancerous cell growth.
A 2013 study by the American Association for Cancer Research concluded a protective association between raw garlic intake and lung cancer.
Ginger also helps reduce the risk of various types of cancers. Its antioxidant property inhibits the growth of cancerous cells. A 2007 study published in the BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine journal demonstrates ginger’s ability to combat ovarian cancer.
It works by blocking cancer from growing, limiting its ability to spread. A 2012 study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that ginger is effective in preventing prostate cancer. This superfood can also prevent the onset of colorectal, lung, breast, skin and pancreatic cancers.
Blueberries are rich in cancer-fighting phytonutrients and antioxidants. These berries neutralize free radicals that can damage cells and lead to diseases, including cancer. They also contain vitamins C and K, manganese and dietary fibre, which also help lower cancer risk.
A 2013 study published in the Anticancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry journal supports blueberries as an anti-cancer fruit. It also states the need for more preclinical studies to highlight the cancer-preventive ability of blueberries.
This juicy fruit is a good source of lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that helps fight cancer. Lycopene boosts the immune system and protects cells from damage. It also stops abnormal cell growth. Also, it is a good source of vitamins A, C, and E, which prevent free-radical damage in the body.
In a 2013 study published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, researchers found that men who ate more tomatoes and tomato-based products, both raw and cooked, were less likely to develop prostate cancer.
2. Green Tea
Green tea is a popular beverage that can help reduce the risk of various cancers. The compounds found in green tea, such as catechins, xanthine derivatives, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and epicatechin, help prevent the development of cancerous cells. Green tea even helps prevent free radicals from damaging cells.
According to a 2008 review of green tea and cancer prevention studies published in the journal Chinese Medicine, green tea demonstrates protective effects on gastrointestinal, breast, lung and prostate cancers. However, more prospective studies are needed.
Eat your broccoli to reduce the risk of cancer. This cruciferous vegetable contains compounds called glucosinolates, which produce protective enzymes in the body. One of these enzymes is sulforaphane that helps reduce cancer risk by flushing out cancer-causing chemicals.
Sulforaphane also targets cancer stem cells that aid in tumour growth. A 2011 study by scientists at the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University concluded that sulforaphane in broccoli helps prevent cancer. Broccoli effectively protects against mouth, breast, liver, lung, bladder, esophageal and stomach cancers.