In the United States, which has 1.3 million active-duty troops and spends more on defence than the next seven countries combined, it’s hard to imagine that there are countries without a standing military. But there are, in fact, three dozen such countries and regions.
The CIA World Factbook lists 36 nations and territories without armed forces, many of which rely on other countries and international groups to provide their defence. Switzerland and Austria have agreed to provide a collective defence of Liechtenstein, for instance, while Spain and France protect Andorra.
Here Are Countries Without Military Forces 2020
The small European country abolished its army in 1868 due to the high cost of maintenance. However, it does have a provision of forming an army in a war situation — a scenario that has never arisen. The Liechtenstein National Police looks after internal security, while the country maintains close ties with neighbouring states for defence.
The constitution of the country located in the central Pacific Ocean prevents it from having a military. For its defence needs, Australia and New Zealand help the island nation, while internal security is taken care of by the Police and Prisons Service, under the Office of the President.
The Scandinavian nation abolished its military in 1869; however, the U.S. kept a base in the country from 1951 until 2006. It is the only NATO country with no standing military and has agreements for defence and security operations with neighbouring states and other NATO members. Iceland does have an air defence system, a peacekeeping force, militarized coast guard and well-armed police forces.
After the 1983 invasion by the U.S., the Caribbean country abolished its standing army. The Royal Grenada Police Force takes care of internal security, while the Regional Security System is responsible for the country’s defence.
6.Federated States of Micronesia
Spread across the western Pacific Ocean, the island nation doesn’t have a regular military as its defence and security needs are taken care of by the U.S. under the Compact of Free Association agreement.
The principality hasn’t had a standing army since the 17th century when it was abolished. Although France looks after Monaco’s defence, the country has two small military units — one that looks after the royal family and the other after its citizens.
The Caribbean nation abolished its standing army in 1981 and now its defence is taken care of by the Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force, which includes the Coast Guard and Special Services Unit.
The walled enclave is one of the smallest sovereign states in the world — both in terms of size and population. Vatican’s defence is the responsibility of Italy. The Noble Guard and the Palatine Guard were abolished in 1970. However, the largely ceremonial Swiss Guard is responsible for the protection of the Pope, while the Gendarmerie Corps looks after internal security.
The Central American country constitutionally abolished its army in 1949, following a brutal civil war in the previous year, and celebrates Dec. 1 as Military Abolition Day. The Public Forces of the nation, which includes the Public Force (National Police), National Coast Guard Service (2019) and Anti-Drug Police, are controlled by the Ministry of Public Security.
This sovereign landlocked microstate doesn’t have a standing military; instead, it has treaties with its two bordering nations — France and Spain — for protection. However, the European country has a well-equipped internal police force as well as a special unit for counter-terrorism operations.
Source: | The CIA World Factbook