How Do I Become a Registered Nurse?

The Best Colleges for Nursing In America 2020
The Best Colleges for Nursing In America 2020

Registered nurses need a diploma, associate’s degree or bachelor’s degree in nursing, which calls for classroom training and clinical practice.

They must meet state standards for licensing and pass a national certification test. Keep reading to learn more about education and training requirements, as well as career information.


Essential Information

Individuals looking to become registered nurses (RNs) can do so through education, clinical experience and licensing. RNs work in healthcare settings, treating patients and educating the public on health-related topics, such as illness, injuries, nutrition, recovery and exercise.

Duties typically include administering treatments, observing patients, and keeping medical records updated.

Required Education Bachelor's or associate's program in nursing
Other Requirements State licensure required
Projected Job Growth 12% from 2018 to 2028*
Average Salary (2018) $75,510 annually*

How Do I Become a Registered Nurse?


1.Complete a Nursing Program

Students begin their careers to become RNs by enrolling in diploma, associate degree or bachelor’s degree programs. Diploma and associate degree programs generally take 2-3 years to complete, while bachelor’s degree programs typically take four. Coursework covers dispensing pharmaceuticals and preparation for situations nurses face in clinical settings. Course topics can include:

  • Nursing leadership and management
  • Anatomy
  • Biology
  • Informatics
  • Health assessment


2.Gain Clinical Experience

Students must complete a certain number of clinical work hours to graduate from a nursing program and qualify for state licensure. Students train in live clinical settings, such as health centers or hospitals, under-experienced nursing faculty guidance.

They learn to use specialized equipment and observe procedures for reacting to different types of patients and situations. Students enrolled in bachelor’s degree programs typically gain more clinical experience in non-hospital settings than students enrolled in associate degrees or diploma programs.


3. Get Licensed

All states require graduates to earn a license to work as a registered nurse legally. Candidates must pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN), administered by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing.

To qualify for the computer-adaptive exam, candidates must have completed an approved nursing program. States might also require additional jurisdictional testing or other licensure requirements, such as background checks or health screenings.


4.Fulfill Continuing Education Requirements

Many states require RNs to complete continuing education to keep their nursing licenses active. The exact number of hours varies by state. Some possible options that earn continuing education credit include professional certification in a nursing field,

Medical research projects, college-level classes or accredited online courses. State nursing boards maintain a list of acceptable courses, programs and activities.


5.Advance A Career

Becoming an RN can provide many pathways for career advancement with additional training, education and experience. Earning a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, specialty certificate or Master of Science in Nursing can prepare experienced RNs for management, consulting, teaching, or research positions and numerous clinical specializations within the nursing profession.

Nurses can choose to specialize in pediatric or geriatric nursing through additional education or optional certification. RNs can also become advanced practice nurses, such as clinical nurse specialists or nurse practitioners.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has predicted that from 2018-2028, employment will increase by 12% for RNs and 28% for nurse practitioners. In 2018, the BLS indicated that RNs earned an average of $75,510 per year and nurse practitioners averaged $110,030.

A career in registered nursing requires completing an accredited diploma or degree program and passing an exam. Graduate degrees and experience can lead to specialized nursing positions. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports growth for registered nurses far surpasses the job market as a whole.