How To Become a Radiation Therapist

How To Become a Radiation Therapist
How To Become a Radiation Therapist

Radiation therapy is a rewarding and specialized field within the healthcare industry. As a radiation therapist, you play a crucial role in the treatment of cancer patients by administering radiation treatments.

If you are interested in pursuing a career as a radiation therapist, this guide will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to become a radiation therapist.


How To Become a Radiation Therapist


1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

To become a radiation therapist, you must first earn a bachelor’s degree in radiation therapy or a related field. Many universities and colleges offer accredited programs specifically designed to train aspiring radiation therapists.

These programs provide comprehensive coursework that covers essential subjects such as anatomy, physiology, radiation physics, radiation biology, and patient care. By choosing an accredited program, you can ensure that you receive high-quality education that meets industry standards.

During your bachelor’s degree program, you will have the opportunity to gain valuable clinical experience through supervised rotations. These clinical rotations allow you to apply your knowledge in real-world settings, working directly with patients under the guidance of experienced radiation therapists.

This hands-on experience is crucial in developing the necessary skills and confidence required to excel in your future career. It also provides a valuable opportunity to observe and learn from professionals in the field.

In the coursework and clinical rotations, it is important to actively participate in extracurricular activities related to radiation therapy. Joining professional organizations, attending conferences, and engaging in research projects can further enhance your knowledge and skills in the field. These experiences can also help you establish valuable connections within the industry, which can be beneficial for future career opportunities.


2. Gain Clinical Experience

How To Become a Radiation Therapist
How To Become a Radiation Therapist

In completing coursework, gaining clinical experience is a vital component of becoming a radiation therapist. Most bachelor’s degree programs include supervised clinical rotations, allowing students to apply their knowledge in real-world settings.

During these rotations, you will work directly with patients under the guidance of experienced radiation therapists. This hands-on experience will help you develop the necessary skills and confidence required to excel in your future career.

Clinical experience is crucial in developing a deep understanding of the practical aspects of radiation therapy. It allows you to apply theoretical knowledge to real-life scenarios and become familiar with the equipment and techniques used in the field.

Working directly with patients also helps you develop strong interpersonal and communication skills, which are essential when providing care and support to individuals undergoing radiation treatment.


3. Obtain Licensure

After completing your bachelor’s degree and gaining clinical experience, the next step is to obtain licensure. Licensing requirements vary by state but generally involve passing a certification exam administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT).

The ARRT exam assesses your knowledge and competency in radiation therapy. It is important to review the specific licensure requirements in your state and prepare accordingly.

Preparing for the licensure exam requires a thorough understanding of radiation therapy principles, safety procedures, and patient care practices. It is recommended to utilize study resources such as textbooks, practice exams, and online courses to supplement your knowledge and improve your chances of success.  Attending review courses or joining study groups can provide valuable insights and support during the preparation process.


4. Consider Certification

While licensure is the primary requirement to practice as a radiation therapist, obtaining certification can further enhance your career prospects. The ARRT offers a voluntary certification in radiation therapy, which demonstrates your commitment to excellence and proficiency in the field.

Becoming certified can open up additional job opportunities and increase your earning potential. Certification requires meeting specific eligibility criteria, which typically include holding a valid license, completing continuing education credits, and adhering to professional standards.

The certification exam assesses your knowledge and skills in specialized areas of radiation therapy, such as treatment planning and quality assurance.

By obtaining certification, you can demonstrate your expertise to employers and patients, making you a more competitive candidate in the job market.


5. Pursue Continuing Education

As a radiation therapist, it is essential to stay up-to-date with the latest advancements and techniques in the field.

Pursuing continuing education courses and attending professional conferences will allow you to expand your knowledge and skills. Maintaining your certification requires completing a certain number of continuing education credits every few years.

By investing in continuing education, you can ensure that you provide the best possible care to your patients and stay competitive in the field.

Continuing education opportunities are available through various avenues, including online courses, workshops, and conferences. These opportunities cover a wide range of topics, such as new treatment modalities, technological advancements, and research findings.

By actively participating in continuing education, you can expand your expertise, stay informed about industry trends, and contribute to the advancement of radiation therapy practice.


6. Specialize or Advance Your Career

Once you have established yourself as a radiation therapist, you may choose to specialize in a particular area or advance your career through additional education and training.

Specialization options include pediatric radiation therapy, brachytherapy, or stereotactic radiosurgery. These specialized areas require additional certifications and training but can offer unique and fulfilling career opportunities.

Specializing in a specific area allows you to develop a deeper understanding of the techniques and considerations specific to that patient population or treatment modality. It can also open doors to advanced roles, such as becoming a clinical specialist or a research coordinator.

To specialize, you may need to complete additional coursework, gain practical experience, and obtain specialized certifications.

If you are interested in advancing your career, you may consider pursuing a master’s degree in radiation therapy or a related field. A master’s degree can open doors to leadership roles, research opportunities, and teaching positions.

It is important to research and choose a reputable program that aligns with your career goals. Networking with professionals in the field and seeking mentorship can provide guidance and support as you navigate your career advancement.



Becoming a radiation therapist requires dedication, education, and a passion for helping others. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can embark on a fulfilling career in radiation therapy.

Remember to stay committed to lifelong learning and continually strive to provide the best care for your patients. Good luck on your journey to becoming a radiation therapist!